To avoid scaring the non-technical readers away at the beginning, I’ll start with the basic operating principles and explain where these sounds come from. Every mechanical device with electric motor or any other moving parts makes noise as a side effect. Sometimes that noise can be controlled. and turned into music – which usually involves some level of abuse. All of the devices present in the „orchestra” contain either stepper motors or moving heads (in case of hard drives), which are driven by custom electronic circuits – controllers. Those controllers are connected in a network and can be commanded from the computer to make a specific device (e.g. scanner #2) emit a specific sound (e.g. constant 440hz tone which corresponds to A4 note in music) at a specific point in time. A sequence of those noises and tones makes music – just like with the real instruments. Sounds simple? In principle, yes, but it gets complicated in a larger scale.
Read all the details: http://silent.org.pl/home/2022/06/13/the-floppotron-3-0/