The Violent Remaking of Appalachia

The Violent Remaking of Appalachia

Central Appalachia’s history is the story of coal. At its peak in the mid-20th century, mining employed more than 150,000 people in West Virginia alone, mostly in the state’s otherwise poor and rugged counties. For decades, the United Mine Workers of America, a muscular, strike-prone union that 

One end of the Keystone XL oil pipeline

One end of the Keystone XL oil pipeline

Amazing Photos that give a deeper understanding of the tar sands. Keep scrolling to see an updated version of Johnson’s photo essay, which shows the effects of Canadian oil mining — a process in which oil-laden sand is dug from the ground, the fuel separated 

Northumbria Mining

Northumbria Mining

Bill Brandt Miner and His Wife at Their Evening Meal, Northumbria, England 1937